Decorative grass hedges and screens
It is impossible to imagine a modern garden without ornamental cereals. These plants bring romance and naturalness, texture and movement, special musicality and volume to the garden. Cereals do an excellent job with a wide variety of decorative tasks - from solo parts to decorating flower beds, mixborders, forest edges and even landscape arrays. But these herbs are very rarely considered as plants suitable for zoning and protection. But meanwhile, it’s almost easiest to create picturesque and inimitably beautiful garden screens.
Cereal screens are back in fashion
Decorative cereals - plants are so versatile and obedient that they can be used in the design as you like. They are able to perform various decorative tasks and grow in such different places and "companies" that one can only wonder how they are generally capable of such miracles. Unpretentiousness and the ability to fulfill any goal is combined with an impressive appearance.
Musical, playful, eternally in motion, poetic, picturesque - what epithets about decorative cereals you will not hear. Attracting their eyes, captivating with texture and extraordinary elegance, cereals can eclipse even crops with large catchy flowers, while not drawing all the attention to themselves and not diminishing the merits of any neighboring plants.
Why elegant, slender and textural, and most importantly - very thick curtains of cereals for a long time was not considered as candidates for the role of a masking plant, remains a big mystery.
Either due to the return to fashion of the steppe design and prairie style, either under the influence of American trends or in the wake of the growing popularity of landscape classics, but this situation has changed. And this is for the best. After all, cereals can very easily create some of the most picturesque hedges. Cereals are back in fashion, and they again began to use them not only on flower beds, but also to look for non-standard solutions with them.
True, you should immediately make a reservation: hedges of cereals are quite limited in their use. With their help, it is possible, but undesirable, to draw up the border of the site or to create a blank wall (an impenetrable barrier of cereals will still fail). This is an option of arrangement and protection for the space inside the garden, recreation areas, terraces.
To separate parts of the garden that need a soft but reliable means of isolation from prying eyes and to create psychological comfort. You must have noticed how in the flower beds cereals seem like an impenetrable, luxurious veil, a virtuoso vertical accent. It is this talent of theirs that can be used for zoning.
Reliable protection from prying eyes can be created with just one single curtain of powerful tall cereal. Such protection is useful, for example, at a small swimming platform at the pond. But landed in one or several rows, they are able to create a truly impenetrable barrier from extraneous curiosity. Plants are simply arranged in a row at an optimum distance for each species, placing another line of lower crops in front if necessary.
It is not necessary to place a cereal hedge according to the principle of any hedge. You can arrange a series of cereals for protection even in a flower garden or a discount, because the cereals organically fit into any composition. Visually light and airy, they unobtrusively perform their important task, but at the same time, no one will guess the main function of the cereals in the ensemble, in addition to their decorative role. Such a hedge can become an organic part of the flowerbed-ring around the recreation area or flower beds by the terrace, without violating the design concept and at the same time reliably hiding vacationers.
Cereals are a great option for mobile hedges. Moreover, they will fulfill the task of effective masking not only in the garden, but also on the terrace, balcony, in the roof garden. It is enough to drop the curtains in special elongated containers - and your barrier, which can be moved at will at any time, is ready.
One of the main advantages of ornamental cereals - attractiveness even in winter - favorably distinguishes such hedges even against the background of other tall perennials or deciduous shrubs. The dried up curtains of cereals keep density, continuing to play the functional role. But the main advantage is the beauty of panicles and turf under the caps of snow. They literally enliven the garden landscape and bring fullness where usually in winter emptiness reigns.
Cereals relevant to the masking task
To create hedges, large cereals are used, forming peculiar green fountains with a height of about 1 m and above. Drooping, curving arched or, on the contrary, erect and hard leaves of large cereals in thick curtains, despite the elegance of the silhouette, they can cope with the task of high-quality masking.
The most obvious candidate for a place in grass hedges is bamboo. Fresh colors, unusual musicality of the plant, expressiveness in any compositions and considerable size look impressive, and tapping and whispering stems and leaves fill the garden with special magic. But bamboo is more likely a choice for regions with a mild climate. Where winters are harsh, mostly low species of diverse bamboos are grown in open soil.
If conditions allow, try aggressive hedges but unpretentious and beautiful in hedges. reed canary (Phalaris arundinacea), black grate (Phyllostachys nigra) and golden leaf grate (Phyllostachys aurea), fargesia (Fargesia) But if the climate does not pamper, do not despair: bamboo is an excellent plant for mobile hedges.
Containers placed in a row or unusual flowerpots in the style of your garden will help create a fence that cannot be found equal. True, such a mobile hedge will have to be looked after constantly, do not forget about watering and transport containers for the winter to a sheltered place, but in terms of beauty there is little that can be compared.
The absolute favorite for cereal hedges from winter-hardy mods - miscanthus chinese (Miscanthus sinensis) and other types of these powerful cereals. Miscanthus curtains are not always limited to a meter high, and panicles can rise up to 1.5-2 m. Many Miscanthus have colorful, spectacular leaf color, but even the simplest varieties of this cereal look amazing. Miscanthus alone is able to hide you from the eyes of passers-by, and in groups and lines it looks both powerful and graceful at the same time.
Curved long leaves create such a luxurious background that it will be impossible to outshine it even for flowering crops. Miscanthus blooms only at the end of summer, some especially spectacular varieties - not every year, but it's still worth waiting for this show. Panicles of Miscanthus look above the curtain as a kind of bunches of luxurious feathers. For the middle band, you should pay attention to the varieties ‘Graziella’, ‘Kleine Fontaene’, ‘Variegatus’, etc.
For those for whom Miscanthus seems too majestic, and control over its distribution is a troublesome thing, you should pay attention to other cereals. The unexpected landscape stars will be able to cope with the task.
Curtains grow up to 120 cm feather grass (Stipa calamagrostis) This is an extremely picturesque plant, spectacular in arrays. Arc-shaped leaves and weightless panicles create the effect of a swaying sea, which can be admired endlessly. A much larger plant - giant feather grass (Stipa gigantea) With shoot height of up to 2 m, it makes an impressive impression and is especially good when planting in separate groups. Its color with a rich green tone, changing to a water droplet of golden panicles by autumn, affects the garden like bamboos.
Looks charming and high barley (Melica altissima) - cereal, which can not boast of elegant filigree, but having a lot of other advantages. Massive spike-shaped panicles and rather large leaves stand out against the background of most competitors. Pearl barley brings graphic accents and expressive lines to ensembles.
Company and competition with any of the high cereals can easily be reedweed (Calamagrostis acutiflora) - a beautiful and large, unusually bold cereal with straight, upward-looking leaves, the height of individual varieties of which can reach 150 cm.It seems slender and brings an amazing backlight effect: the top of the curtain with straight panicles seems to always illuminate the sun.
Associations with fountains, then with other water funs are sumptuous reed moliny (according to modern classifications, it belongs to the species lightning blue — Molinia caeruleabut on sale often continues to figure as Molinia arundinacea) This is a luxuriously sprawling cereal with an exceptionally airy texture, openwork lines and an amazing volume. Accurate rounded turfs with arched curving leaves as if crowned with a haze of numerous panicles. The zippers look neat and even slightly stern.
Millet (Panicum virgatum) is very fond of his autumn outfits. But this cereal is able to cope not only with the task of decorating compositions with unique reddish-red hues, but also with the role of a protective culture, provided that it is tightly planted. He creates a color haze, conquers with its texture, as if covered with haze or fog and unusually picturesque.
Do not forget about heat-loving, but such beautiful American cereals - pampas grass (Cortaderia) and sorger (Sorghastrum) They will require shelter and careful bonding and protection for the winter, and in full force they will reveal their beauty only during mild winters. But if your climate matches their habits, then you cannot find more beautiful plants for protection.
If desired, large perennials planted in the second row and contrasting with their filigree beauty can be added to cereals in such a hedge. Favorites - heliopsis (Heliopsis) with its muffled greens and dazzling yellow, but not large baskets of flowers and peach (Persicaria) with its many thin spikelets of inflorescences and bright densely arranged leaves.
On the bank of the pond, classic cereals can be replaced with the right choice of plants for decoration of ponds - manna big, or large manna (Glyceria maxima), lake reeds (Scirpus lacustris) and cattail (Typha).