Olives or olives - what is the difference and benefit?
“What to take - olives or olives?” - Many of our compatriots think, perplexedly sorting jars on the shelf of the store with these delicious fruits. But really, what to choose?
Olives - a fruit that came to us from the Mediterranean countries. Jars with the fruits of the olive tree took a confident position on the shelves of our stores, winning the hearts of consumers with their unusual taste and an abundance of nutrients. However, in our country, some olives are "attached" a separate name - olives. That is, it is customary to call green fruits olives, and black fruits - olives. In reality, a separate fruit with the name "Olive" does not exist. All over the world olives have only one name - "Olive".
Olives, or olives, are cooked fruits of an evergreen subtropical tree Olive European (Olea europaea) Plant Synonyms: Cultivated Olive, European Olive, Olive Tree; Species of the genus Olive (Olea) family Olive (Oleaceae) European olive is cultivated to produce olive oil and fruits. In the wild does not occur.
Useful properties of olives
The olive tree is immortal - consider the peoples of the Mediterranean, marveling at its extraordinary resilience. Such a tree grows very slowly, but its life span reaches two and a half thousand years. The fruits of the olive tree are ready to give to the people who use them a lot of healthy and necessary substances.
Of course, the main product produced by the fruits of the olive tree is the well-known olive oil, which is incredibly useful for cardiovascular diseases.
Olives can be divided into two main groups: enriched with fats (from which olive oil is extracted) and table olives (less “oil”), which we eat in their natural form.
Many people know that olives have a large number of useful substances, due to which they are classified as high nutritional value products. However, with what vitamins these wonderful fruits are ready to enrich our body, for most consumers of this product remains a mystery.
So, olives are rich in: unsaturated fatty acids (very necessary for our body), proteins, vitamins of groups B, C, E, P, potassium, phosphorus and iron. The acids that make up the olives are an almost indispensable "building material" for the cell membranes of our body.
A person of any age can afford to enrich and decorate his diet with olives. After all, the use of these fruits will serve as an excellent prevention of stomach ulcers and liver diseases, as well as have a beneficial effect on the heart and blood vessels. Even the bones of olive fruits, once in the body, will not harm him, since they are completely digested by the gastrointestinal tract.
Varieties of Olives
The olives that we see on store shelves undergo mandatory culinary processing. This is no coincidence. Due to bitterness and stiffness, fresh olives are inedible. During processing, the fresh product is salted, pickled, seasoned with pepper, lemons, anchovies and so on. The selection on the shelves of our stores is mainly limited to canned olives. Although at home, these fruits can be tasted in a dry ambassador.
Depending on the degree of maturity and processing method, olives are divided into several types:
- Green Olives - It is customary to collect before ripening, and the color can vary from green to light yellow.
- “Combined Olives” - it is customary to collect during the ripening process, however, until full maturity, and the color can vary from pink to chestnut.
- Black olives (in Russian “olives”) - it is customary to collect after full maturity.
- "Blackened" olives by oxidation (we also have "olives") - it is customary to collect it in an unripe form, and then undergo special treatment to acquire black color.
In general, specialists are aware of the order of three hundred varieties of olive tree fruit, which they distinguish according to some taste nuances, shapes and sizes.
A sign of the undeniable quality of this product is the same size and smooth surface of the fruit, as well as the absence of preservatives. And do not buy a jar of olives if it is deformed or expired.
So, with a little attention and caution, you can safely enjoy the fruits of the olive tree, saturating your body with a lot of useful substances.